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Ac-Nooooooo! Your Acne-Free, Clear Skin Guide

If we were to list the most popular skin problems people have, acne would surely top the list. Pimples and blackheads, we’ve all gone through it at some point in our lives - could be in puberty or as adults.

No matter what age it happens, persistent and recurring acne, especially when it does not go away, surely affects the way we see ourselves, our self-confidence, and our overall way of life.

To combat acne, we must get to the bottom of what is causing it, how to treat it, and finally, how to get rid of the traces it left behind. Let’s get into the deets.

What Causes Acne?

  1. Excessive oil/sebum production

Common areas where acne appears are on your face, chest, upper back, and shoulders because this is where the skin has the most oil / sebaceous glands.

  1. Clogged pores

Although oil is the most common “pore-clogger”, anything that can clog hair follicles and pores  - dead skin cells, makeup, and dirt - can cause breakouts.

  1. Bacteria

A microbe that lives in the base of the hair follicle called propionibacterium acnes lives of sebum and cellular debris. Triggers such as hormonal changes and stress as well as genetic factors can aggravate an immune response which causes acne to develop on the skin.

  1. Irritation and inflammation

Friction, pressure, and products that your skin is sensitive to can cause irritation that triggers acne. Inflammation deep inside hair follicles produces cyst-like lumps beneath the surface of your skin.

What Causes Acne To Get Worse?

Aside from the top 4 major causes of acne, there are other factors that can trigger or make it worse:

  • Hormonal changes

    • During puberty, androgens increase and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and produce more sebum

    • Hormone changes during pregnancy and midlife can lead to breakouts too

  • Family history

    • Acne can be hereditary. If both or one of your parents had acne, you're likely to develop it too

  • Greasy or oily products

    • Acne can develop when your skin comes into contact with oil or oily lotions and creams

  • Friction or pressure on your skin

    • This can be caused by items such as face masks, telephones, cellphones, helmets, tight collars, and backpacks

  • Certain medications

    • Examples include drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone, or lithium

  • Diet

    • Studies show that consuming certain foods may worsen acne. These include carbohydrate-rich foods, such as bread, bagels, and chips.

Acne Myths Debunked

Some of what you know about acne may not be true, including:

  • Eating chocolate and greasy foods can cause acne or make it worse

    • Eating chocolate or greasy food such as pizza or potato chips has little to no effect on acne

  • You’re getting acne because your skin is not clean enough

    • Washing your face too much, using harsh soaps/chemicals, or scrubbing the skin too hard irritates the skin can make acne worse.

  • Makeup can make your acne worse

    • Makeup doesn't necessarily worsen acne. What’s causing it or making it worse are the clogged pores. Using oil-free or non-comedogenic makeup and removing makeup regularly helps keep your skin acne-free.

Is there a way to clear it up?

While the response to treatment may vary per person, these are some helpful tips to clear up acne:

  1. Stop touching, picking, and popping your acne

Popping a pimple may seem like the fastest way to zap your zits, but popping it, when done incorrectly, can actually make it worse.

First, touching, picking, or popping your zits involves a lot of skin touching which could lead to more bacteria and skin irritation. Second, the bacteria, oil and debris that are in the acne papule, pustule, or cyst once released, can be pushed deeper inside the skin, spreading it, leading to more inflammation and causing more breakouts.

  1. Use skincare products and cosmetics that don’t cause acne

Aside from the products under your acne treatment, using products that prevent acne would be helpful. Check the labels it should read:

  • Oil-free

  • Non-comedogenic

  • Won't clog pores

  • Non-acnegenic

  1. Stop over-washing or scrubbing acne-prone areas

Acne-prone skin is sensitive. Overly washing, using harsh products, or scrubbing your skin excessively can irritate skin and make your acne worse.

Dermatologists recommend washing your face twice a day when you wake up and when you are ready to go to bed plus when your skin is sweaty or dirty.

Product Recommendation: SkinIS Acne Defense Wash

  1. Eliminate the irritants

Observe where you are getting the breakouts and find the “irritants” and eliminate it.

If your acne shows up on your forehead, tame your bangs or wash your hats. If you have it in your cheeks, find out if telephones or cellphones or are causing it and minimize contact. Breakouts on the back? Could be because of your backpack. Replacing or washing your sheets once a week and pillowcases three times a week will make a huge difference.

  1. Follow directions

While using skin products seem pretty straightforward, how much you use and how often you use it can make a huge difference. Be sure to follow the directions stated on the label or do so as directed by your dermatologist. 

Using only SOME of the acne treatment regimen that your dermatologist prescribes could be the reason you still have acne.

  1. Use acne medication on all acne-prone skin, not just your zits

Applying on all areas that are acne-prone will prevent it from breaking out

Product Recommendation: SkinIS Acne Defense Gel

  1. Give an acne treatment at least 4 weeks to work

Skincare products need time to work. Using a different product every few days can also irritate your skin, causing new breakouts.

You should notice some improvement in 4 to 6 weeks if a treatment program works for you. It can take two to three months or longer to see breakouts clearing.

Keep using the products when you see it working. If your skin is acne-prone, keep using the products even when you see clear. This will help prevent new breakouts.

If after 6 weeks you don’t see the treatment working, it would be helpful to add another product to your regimen. Different products treat different problems:

  • Benzoyl peroxide decreases P. acnes bacteria

  • Retinoids unclog pores and reduce oiliness

  • Salicylic acid eases inflammation and unclogs pores

Product Recommendation

SkinIS Acne Defense Wash

SkinIS Acne Defense Toner

SkinIS Acne Defense Gel

  1. Consult with a dermatologist

If the tips above did not work, you might need to see a dermatologist who can prescribe stronger medication or perform treatment programs that are fit to treat your acne.

Acne, when cleared, often leaves scars and blemishes. Your dermatologist can also recommend products and treatments for acne scarring.

Product Recommendation: SkinIS Glass Skin Serum

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